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Enhancing Channel Decoding Efficiency in 5G Networks Using Machine Learning-Assisted LDPC Coding

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International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2024


  • Behrooz Mosallaei


In the rapidly evolving landscape of telecommunications, the advent of 5G technology promises unprecedented speed, capacity, and connectivity. However, the efficient utilization of spectrum resources remains a critical challenge. Channel coding techniques, particularly Low-Density Parity- Check (LDPC) codes, play a pivotal role in mitigating errors induced during data transmission. This article explores the integration of machine learning with LDPC channel decoding techniques to enhance the reliability and efficiency of 5G networks. Through a comprehensive literature review, this study identifies the current state-of-the-art methodologies and research gaps. Subsequently, a novel approach leveraging machine learning algorithms for channel decoding is proposed and evaluated. The results demonstrate significant improvements in error correction capabilities and decoding efficiency, thus underscoring the potential of this fusion approach in advancing 5G communication systems. Furthermore, this study investigates the practical feasibility and performance benefits of the proposed approach through extensive simulations and real-world experiments. By employing a comprehensive dataset encompassing diverse channel conditions, modulation schemes, and coding rates, we train and evaluate machine learning models to assist in LDPC channel decoding. Our experimental results demonstrate significant enhancements in error correction capabilities and decoding efficiency compared to traditional decoding methods. Moreover, the integration of machine learning enables adaptive and dynamic decoding strategies, ensuring reliable communication in dynamic and unpredictable wireless environments. The robustness of the proposed decoding scheme to channel variations, hardware impairments, and adversarial attacks underscores its suitability for practical deployment in 5G networks. Overall, this research contributes to the growing body of knowledge on machine learning-assisted LDPC coding and its potential to revolutionize 5G communication systems.

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